SEO uses a lot of acronyms and technical terms that only he and a small circle of insiders understand. Here is the most comprehensive SEO dictionary, a complete glossary of the main terms used in the field of search engine optimization.
Now you no longer need to go from page to page to find the term you are looking for. This page has put them all together in a nice organized list so that you can access it easily and at any time to find the term or abbreviation you are looking for.
ALT text is alternate text associated with an image used to indicate to Internet users the nature or content of an image if the latter is not displayed. The alt text ensures that the web page is visible and accessible and no functionality is lost, even if the user has disabled images or uses a text screen reader.
Alexa is an Amazon subsidiary that provides traffic rankings based on the analysis of the people accessing the sites. The accuracy of this data can be questioned due to the fact that the analysis is only performed on internet visitors using the Alexa toolbar.
The link anchor contains descriptive words that relate (or not) to the page the link points to. It helps give the user the urge to click.
Article Marketing is a link building strategy that consists of publishing articles on specific sites (article marketing sites and press releases) to obtain links to your site included in the article itself or in the author’s biography. If you want to use this practice, check that the quality of the sites you post on is not too poor (for example, avoid sites with PageRank 0). Here you will find a list of article marketing sites.
A backlink (also called inbound links) are links that point to your website. It is important to keep track of the number of backlinks as they affect your site’s ranking on search engines.
Black Hat SEO refers to powerful search engine optimization techniques that violate webmaster instructions. The most popular activities of Black Hat SEO include hidden text and links, navigation or portal pages, hiding, keyword stuffing, desert scraping, and spam.
Broken Link Building
It is a link building tactic that consists in contacting a webmaster by informing him that he has a broken link and suggesting various alternatives, including – of course – his own site. In addition to giving good results, this is considered an ethical link building strategy (it does not violate Google guidelines) since it is advantageous for those who do it and the web, as it replaces lost or abandoned content with quality content.
The bounce rate represents the percentage of visits in which people leave the site by visiting only one page. Bounce rate can measure a site’s effectiveness. A high bounce rate can be due to the content on your site but also to usability issues.
But the bounce rate is necessarily a bad thing because it’s also possible that users immediately found the information they were looking for.
Click fraud is an illegal activity that occurs when a person or an automated program (bot) clicks on a link per click. Click fraud has created a lot of controversies. According to research on this topic, fraudulent clicks are used by individuals who want to increase their revenue from banners and companies who want to harm their competitors financially.
Cloaking is a technique in which the content presented to the crawler differs from the content that is provided to the user. Cloaking is considered a violation of Google’s guidelines; it is considered a Black Hat SEO technique because it tries to deceive and manipulate the search engine index.
Spam is a type of content created for the purpose of running search engines.
Contextual advertising is a type of targeted advertising relevant to the content, in which the ads are selected by automated systems and customized for each user. For example, if a user is visiting an online movie site and that site is using contextual advertising, the user may see advertisements for movie tickets or DVD sellers. Being linked to the context, this type of advertising guarantees a higher probability of being clicked.
In short, the rate of conversion. In web marketing, conversion refers to the number of online visitors who become contacts or buyers on a website. In an e-commerce site, it can mean the purchase of a product, but it could also refer to filling out a form. For example, if a site that sells books has 100 visitors per day and 5 of them actually buy a book from that site, its conversion rate is 5%. Conversion rate is a powerful indicator of your site’s success.
CPC stands for “cost per click” and refers to price. Here, price is the amount of money actual payable for each click in a pay per click campaign (PPC stands for pay-per-click (pay per click), it is a type of advertising in which advertisers pay a figure every time their ad). CPC is important in determining the success of paid campaigns such as those made with Google AdWords.
CPM stands for “cost per thousand”. It is also referred to as “cost per thousand impressions” and represents the cost paid by an advertiser for displaying 1000 (one thousand) impressions (views) of a banner. CPM can also be a way to find out how profitable a particular site is for your campaigns. For example, Facebook gives advertisers a great CPM based approach.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a language used to set the appearance and formatting of web pages written in HTML. Its main feature is that it allows the separation between the content of the document and its style to improve accessibility and flexibility. CSS includes elements such as font, colours, layout and spacing. Thanks to CSS, it is also possible to adjust a site differently depending on the device (PC, smartphone or tablet) or the size of the screen that is used by the viewer.
A crawler is a program owned by a search engine, also known as a “spider” or “robot”, which systematically scans websites and reads pages and their content for indexing. In the context of SEO, crawlers are important for determining the relevance of a site and ranking in web search results for a specific keyword. Crawlers are very active and can visit a website multiple times a day, checking for updates. Googlebot is the most famous crawler is that of Google.
A citation is when a site names its brand. Some SEOs believe that citations can affect the ranking of the cited site even in the absence of a link. It is believed that the presence of many citations consisting of the name plus the address of the company can favour Local SEO.
Popular citation sources for local search include Google My Business (formerly Google+ Local), Bing Local, Yahoo Local, Yelp, and other local directories.
Click-Through Rate (CTR)
The number of times users click on a link in the search results in relation to the number of impressions (the number of times they have seen the link) in the search results.
It means competitive analysis. In SEO, it is the analysis process to determine the optimization strategies that your competitors use. In economic parlance, a competitor is a company in the same sector or a similar sector that offers a similar product or service.
Duplicate content is a block of content that is similar or identical to that found on another site. Basically, it is when a site owner copies content from another. There are cases where the content is copied for the purpose of manipulating search engine rankings. Search engines are usually able to determine which of the two sites copied. This usually leads to traffic and ranking losses for site owners who have non-original content.
Exact Match Domain (EMD)
EMDs (or exact match domains) are domains that use a certain keyword or phrase instead of a brand name. For example, www.xyz.com would be an EMD, while www.xyz.com is a branded domain. EMDs have positioned themselves very well for a long time, but in 2012, Google released an update that lowered the value of EMDs. There are still plenty of EMDs that are well-positioned for their keywords, but it depends on whether they have quality content as well. A content-poor EMD today cannot be positioned as well as it did before 2012.
Google Penalty is when Google decides to penalize a site for violating its Webmaster Guidelines. Google penalizes by lowering the ranking in search results for certain keywords or, in severe cases, removes the site entirely from the index.
Google Panda is the name of a series of Google algorithm updates that evaluate the quality of a website’s content. Websites with low-quality content and a high number of advertisements see a loss of search rankings when the algorithm is updated.
Google Penguin is the name of a series of Google algorithm updates that mainly evaluate off-site optimization activities. Websites that use unnatural link building techniques on a large scale, such as low-quality links, spam links, too many keyword-filled links in the anchor text, etc. they see a loss of search rankings.
It is a way to get the search key to return a completely unexpected site. This can be done by creating a number of links to the page containing the target word in the anchor text. This practice usually has a humorous purpose but is also used to share political or social idealism.
In short, Google bowling means spamming links to someone else’s site. This is usually a Negative SEO action on a competitor’s site with the aim of causing a Google penalty.
The Google dance represents the period of time in which Google makes index updates. As a result of this period, the rankings can vary even several times a day. During the Google dance, Google calculates the PageRank, and many other parameters, of each page and changes the SERP for some keywords.
It refers to the Google web crawler. Googlebot is the name of Google’s robot (or crawler). A web crawler, also called a spider or robot (or simply “bot”), is software that collects information from the web to continuously update the Google index. Googlebot visits billions of web pages and identifies new sites, changes to existing sites or broken links in order to keep the Google index up to date.
Google Disavow Tool (Link Rejection Tool)
It is a tool through which you can remove links that you consider unnatural, spam or of low quality. It is actually a tool that asks Google to disregard certain links when evaluating a site. The main problem is correctly identifying the links that negatively affect your site.
Rejecting incorrect links could lead to a drop in rankings. Identifying unnatural links can be hard work, but you can use several tools to facilitate the process, such as CognitiveSEO or Link Detox.
Google Analytics is a service offered by Google that provides statistics and digital data analysis on website traffic, traffic sources, conversion rates, audience segmentation, sales, bounce rate, etc.
It is an indispensable tool for marketing professionals, content developers but also webmasters. The service is free for sites that generate less than 10 million visits per month.
Google Ads (Formerly Known as Google Adwords)
Google Ads (Adwords) is Google’s online advertising program that allows your ad (text link or banner) to be displayed on Google and on the websites of its partner network. According to the keywords you are interested in, Google Ads allows you to place your ad in relevant search results. The reload is done when a visitor usually clicks an ad.
Google Webmaster Tools (GWT)
In a nutshell, Google Webmaster Tools (in Italian Webmaster Tools ) is a free service that allows webmasters to check their indexing and optimize the visibility of their site. GWT is designed to function as a communication mechanism between Google and site owners, helping webmasters pinpoint major issues on their sites.
Google Universal Search
Google Universal Search is how Google has presented search results since 2007. For example, search results include data from Google News, YouTube or Google Images.
Gray Hat SEO
It refers to SEO performed using both White Hat and Black Hat techniques.
Guest Blogging is a strategy used both for link building and to improve the visibility of a brand or a professional, which consists in publishing content on other websites willing to host it (“guest” means hosting) in order to get a backlink.
In 2014, Google announced possible penalties for Guest Blogging done for the sole purpose of affecting a site’s ranking in Google. Read this article if you want to guest blogging while avoiding a fine.
Inbound link (Backlink)
A backlink refers to an inbound link to a website or web page. A large number of inbound links is an indicator of the importance of that site. In SEO jargon, inbound links are also known as backlinks, inbound links, inbound links, in links or inward links.
Indexing means the inclusion of a website in the database of a search engine. In other words, it is the moment when the site is recognized by search engines and therefore appears on their response pages (SERP) to user queries.
If a page has not been indexed by a search engine, it will not be listed in the search engine results. Indexing is done automatically by the crawler. The positioning is different, which is instead the set of actions performed by SEOs to make a site appear in a specific position in the rankings of the engines.
It refers to the percentage of times a keyword or phrase is found in the content of a page relative to the total number of words on that page. For example, if the keyword phrase is repeated 5 times on a web page with 100 words, the keyword density will be 5%.
There is no rule or optimal percentage, but it must be taken into account that repeating the keyword too little may not be enough to make the search engine understand the topic of the page, and too much could make the article unreadable. It is best to write naturally with the users in mind and not the search engine.
It is the process of determining the right keywords for your search marketing campaign. Generally, the most effective strategy is based on the choice of long-tail keywords.
It is the unethical SEO technique of inserting a large number of keywords into a web page for the purpose of manipulating search results. These types of keywords usually appear in large lists or groups, usually out of context. Due to the evolution of search engine algorithms, this practice today does not work; on the contrary, there is only the risk of making a text illegible and making the reader escape or even suffering a penalty by Google.
Landing Page is a page where a visitor arrives after clicking on a link from a search engine or a paid ad. A landing page can be a page ranked inorganic results. In digital advertising campaigns, such as Pay-per-Click on AdWords or Facebook ADS campaigns, the landing page is considered the place where the conversion takes place.
Link Building is the process of building inbound links on a website. SEOs use many link-building strategies to source links; they include direct inquiries to webmasters, article marketing, directories, guest blogging, social bookmarking, etc.